Westminster Abbey, originally the abbey church of a Benedictine monastery in Westminster, London, England. One of the most important Gothic buildings in England, he is also a national shrine. The first church on the site is considered as the start of the seventh cent. It was erected by Æthelberht, King of Kent. Edward the Confessor began c.1050 the building of a Norman church, consecrated in 1065. In 1245, Henry III began to demolish the building and construct a new portion on the East.
The fine octagonal chapter house was built in 1250, and in the 14th century. the house of the monastery, Abbot, and the main monastic buildings were added. The nave was completed in the 16th. In the early 16th. Henry VIII ended the Lady Chapel, dedicated to Henry VII. The chapel, in Perpendicular style, is renowned for its superb range vault. The two western towers were built (1722-1740) by Sir Christopher Wren and Nicholas Hawksmoor. In the late 19th century. Sir George Gilbert Scott supervised extensive restoration. Since that time memorial statues by many academics Victorian sculptors were added for decoration. The present church is cruciform in plan, both nave and transept have side aisles. The choir is in the plane of the apse, and its ring of chapels of the apse shows only complete in England. The French influence is also reflected in the height of the nave, England’s highest, and the strong emphasis on flying buttresses. Nearly every English king and queen since William I was crowned at Westminster, and is the burial place of 18 monarchs. The most notable of England state and distinguished subjects have been burial in the abbey since the 14th century. In the Poets’ Corner in the rest of the south transept the tomb of Chaucer, Browning, Tennyson, and other great English poets.